Tue Aug 13, 2019, 09:36 PM

India: The Next Apartheid State?

by Maj. Danny Sjursen, USA (ret.) Posted on August 13, 2019

It has long been called the most dangerous place in the world. Still, few Americans know anything about the place; nor could they point out the troubled region of Kashmir on a map. Yet for 62 years India and Pakistan have contested for control of the province. In fact, a long-running insurgency there has even been punctuated by at least three inter-state wars between the nuclear armed powers. Now, after India recently revoked Kashmir’s "special status" – essentially annexing the disputed (and Muslim-majority) territory – there might just be another war. Tens of thousands have already been killed over the years; how many more will now die is anyone’s guess.

It’s tempting to blame the British for the whole mess. After all, like so many ongoing world conflicts, the violent struggle in Kashmir has its roots in the dissolution of venal, exploitative British Empire in the decades after World War II. Before its independence in 1947, British India – known as the raj – consisted of a massive, ethnically diverse mega-state that included the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Burma (Myanmar). When the Brits took off, ethnic and religious tensions boiled over into a state of civil war as the raj bloodily devolved into separate Hindu and Muslim majority countries. Perhaps a million people died and fifteen million others were displaced in a tragic population swap that set a gold standard for ethnic cleansing.

Kashmir, meanwhile, had been contested even before partition. The Muslim-majority region was then ruled by a Hindu maharaja (local ruler). When the British pulled out, the hasty partition plan had stipulated that Kashmir could accede to either India or Pakistan. In rather undemocratic fashion, the maharaja decided to join his Hindu brethren in the state of India. War broke out, the United Nations intervened, then the UN recommended a plebiscite to allow the people of Kashmir to choose their national status. Had the election been held, the province would almost certainly have joined Pakistan. Yet neither state could settle on a demilitarization plan, no plebiscite was held, and the territory has remained divided ever since, with India in control of about two-thirds of Kashmir.

Since 1947, India – well tutored by the British, no doubt – has treated Kashmir as its own colony. It deploys more than 500,000 troops to pacify and occupy the region, in what constitutes one of the largest military deployments in the world. International human rights reports have catalogued systemic abuses by Indian military personnel including the use of excessive force on protesters, torture of prisoners, and rampant sexual violence against civilians. Pakistan, and its insurgent proxies, are, to be fair, also guilty of human rights abuses according to these reports. Nevertheless, it is India – the larger and more militarily powerful nation – that holds most of the cards, and thus responsibility.



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Reply India: The Next Apartheid State? (Original post)
RCW2014 Aug 2019 OP
Thorson Aug 2019 #1
Dinkydow Aug 2019 #2

Response to RCW2014 (Original post)

Tue Aug 13, 2019, 11:07 PM

1. 5 India for being a country that's not willing to acquiesce to islamic rule.

This guy wants to talk democracy? Islamists use that democracy to infiltrate and overtake democratic countries.

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Response to RCW2014 (Original post)

Wed Aug 14, 2019, 07:38 AM

2. Couple of points

1. Great Britain never included Burma (Myanmar) in greater India. It always had a separate governor-general and administration. It was a separate colony like Malaya.

2. When giving independence to India, Great Britain envisioned a single country. By this time, the Muslims decided that they wanted a separate country for Muslims. India rejected that and there was much bloodshed and ethnic cleansing in the partition.

3. India engineered and enforce militarily the independence movement of East Pakistan to seced from West Pakistan and form Bangladesh.

4. The original independence agreement recognized various autonomous states headed by maharajahs that had enjoyed semi-independent status under the Brits. Kashmir was one of these (I think there were about twenty). Over the years, India has unilaterally abrogated these agreements sent their troops in to eliminate these independent fiefdoms. Kashmir is just the last to have this happen.

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