Scienceatmospherichistory

Mon Nov 19, 2018, 10:53 AM

Why 536 was 'the worst year to be alive'

Ask medieval historian Michael McCormick what year was the worst to be alive, and he's got an answer: "536." Not 1349, when the Black Death wiped out half of Europe. Not 1918, when the flu killed 50 million to 100 million people, mostly young adults. But 536. In Europe, "It was the beginning of one of the worst periods to be alive, if not the worst year," says McCormick, a historian and archaeologist who chairs the Harvard University Initiative for the Science of the Human Past.

A mysterious fog plunged Europe, the Middle East, and parts of Asia into darkness, day and night—for 18 months. "For the sun gave forth its light without brightness, like the moon, during the whole year," wrote Byzantine historian Procopius. Temperatures in the summer of 536 fell 1.5°C to 2.5°C, initiating the coldest decade in the past 2300 years. Snow fell that summer in China; crops failed; people starved. The Irish chronicles record "a failure of bread from the years 536–539." Then, in 541, bubonic plague struck the Roman port of Pelusium, in Egypt. What came to be called the Plague of Justinian spread rapidly, wiping out one-third to one-half of the population of the eastern Roman Empire and hastening its collapse, McCormick says.

Historians have long known that the middle of the sixth century was a dark hour in what used to be called the Dark Ages, but the source of the mysterious clouds has long been a puzzle. Now, an ultraprecise analysis of ice from a Swiss glacier by a team led by McCormick and glaciologist Paul Mayewski at the Climate Change Institute of The University of Maine (UM) in Orono has fingered a culprit. At a workshop at Harvard this week, the team reported that a cataclysmic volcanic eruption in Iceland spewed ash across the Northern Hemisphere early in 536. Two other massive eruptions followed, in 540 and 547. The repeated blows, followed by plague, plunged Europe into economic stagnation that lasted until 640, when another signal in the ice—a spike in airborne lead—marks a resurgence of silver mining, as the team reports in Antiquity this week.

To Kyle Harper, provost and a medieval and Roman historian at The University of Oklahoma in Norman, the detailed log of natural disasters and human pollution frozen into the ice "give us a new kind of record for understanding the concatenation of human and natural causes that led to the fall of the Roman Empire—and the earliest stirrings of this new medieval economy."

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/11/why-536-was-worst-year-be-alive

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Reply Why 536 was 'the worst year to be alive' (Original post)
Agent_86 Nov 2018 OP
freedumb2003 Nov 2018 #1
imwithfred Nov 2018 #2
oflguy Nov 2018 #3
freedumb2003 Nov 2018 #4
quad489 Nov 2018 #5

Response to Agent_86 (Original post)

Mon Nov 19, 2018, 10:57 AM

1. Don't ask me about 536 -- I prefer not to remember

 

emperus obozus was a curse. Even worse than cartus the dickus.

Thank God 537 came around,

We could not wait.

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Response to freedumb2003 (Reply #1)

Mon Nov 19, 2018, 11:00 AM

2. Awesome response!

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Response to Agent_86 (Original post)

Mon Nov 19, 2018, 11:12 AM

3. Must have been a lot of republicans around then

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Response to oflguy (Reply #3)

Mon Nov 19, 2018, 11:22 AM

4. 536 will always be known as the era of the RINO

 

the now extinct mccainus liberalus who had the loud and trumpeting snout but no hoofs dominated.

*sigh*

Maybe we can get Russel Crow to reenact it all.

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Response to Agent_86 (Original post)

Mon Nov 19, 2018, 01:38 PM

5. ...so those claiming today's climate is the worst ever are just lying Hillary shit eaters, eh???

"Temperatures in the summer of 536 fell 1.5°C to 2.5°C, initiating the coldest decade in the past 2300 years."

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